In my previous post on measuring developer performance, I claimed that we shouldn’t look for speed-coding hackers in our attempt to raise developer performance. Well it’s easy to state what we shouldn’t do – and much harder to tell what we should do… So here’s an attempt!
I believe that developer-skills fall into three major categories, which are equally important: technical skills, business skills and soft skills. The latter includes (if not primarily consists of) communication skills.
By technical skills I don’t think of detailed knowledge of frameworks or tools (which, I might add, is what most certifications measure) – that kind of stuff you can look up easily. I’m thinking of knowledge and experience with patterns, practices, code smells and design principles.
Business skills include detailed knowledge and interest in the business domain and the customer’s needs to a level where the developer is able to challenge the customer’s demands.
And finally soft skills include good communication skills and taking responsibility for the entire project’s success (in essence meeting the customer’s needs on time).
Well… I admit, although the above is a definition of craftsmanship, it’s still a bit fluffy… So let’s try to break it down into smaller pieces. Here are ten skills, I think covers it:
1. Be professionally curious and take responsibility for your own learning
Read literature on code, practices and craftsmanship. Attend conferences. Examine new trends and dive into topics of professional relevance within the tools, methods and development principles.
Take responsibility to develop one’s soft and technical skills.
Read and/or contribute to relevant blogs.
Try new features, tools, methods and development principles to improve your skills and to introduce new elements into your organization’s development environment.
2. Contribute to the development platform and develop the group's level of competence is constantly improved.
Share your knowledge of professional trends and new tools, principles and methods with your colleagues.
Participate in efforts to develop methods, skill level, development principles, etc.
Take independent initiative to introduce new methods and principles in his team (Eg TDD, CI and Continuous Delivery)
Contribute to the development of the architecture
3. Write good code
Write understandable, robust, tested code of a high quality
Be experienced in relevant languages and tools for your development platform
Implement practices on Clean Code, Continuous Integration, Test Driven Development, development principles, etc. in your team's daily work
4. Understand and use OO and patterns
Be experienced in the use of the most common patterns and be able to recognize them in the code.
Understand software paradigms (OO, functional, procedural) and have an understanding of fundamental OO (Eg Cohesion and cyclomatic Complexity)
5. Be experienced in estimation and estimation techniques
Have sufficient experience with software development and development methodology to provide thorough estimation where all tasks are taken into account.
Communicate assumptions, uncertainties and risks in your estimates clearly
6. Create trust and be constructive in your communication
Appear trustworthy and be constructive and appreciative.
Strive to be perceived by your colleagues and collaborators as a qualified and competent partner
Be loyal to your colleagues, manager and employer
Be engaged and constructive when new ideas are presented and demonstrates a high degree of readiness for change
Appear sturdy and resilient.
Help others improve their communication
Do what it takes to deliver the expected business value in the right quality on time
Get things done! Communicate any deviations concerning scope, quality or schedule in advance.
Take responsibility on the team's behalf for the overall delivery scope, quality and deadline is met.
8. Take responsibility
Take responsibility for the entire project’s success - not only for your own tasks
Understand the project’s goals and how your work contributes to these.
9. Understand business objectives and processes
Demonstrate a keen interest in understanding the business and their needs, so you are able to challenge the customer’s demands
Always think "why" before "how"
Find the right level of ambition in relation to quality and development speed.
10. Thrive and be motivated
Take responsibility for your own performance, job satisfaction and motivation